Umm AL QUWAIN

the least populous of the seven sovereign emirates in the United Arab Emirates, located in the north of the country. The emirate is ruled by Saud bin Rashid Al Mu’alla. The emirate had 62,000 inhabitants in 2003 and has an area of 750 square kilometers.

The ruler of Umm ALQuwain : Sheikh Saud Al Mualla and his Crown Prince is Sheikh Rashid Mualla.

History

Umm al-Quwain holds significant archaeological interest, with major finds at both Tell Abraq and Al Dour.[1] Arrowheads and other polished flint tools have been unearthed in various sites across the UAE while pieces of Ubaid pottery have been unearthed along the shores of the emirate. All evidence obtained so far indicate that contact with Mesopotamia existed as early as the 5th millennium BC as an indigenous ceramic industry did not emerge until the 3rd century BC.

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Climate

During November to March,the average temperature is 26C at daytime and 15C at night (79F to 59F), but it can rise over 40C [3] (104F) in the peak of the summer and the humidity levels. The rainfall is minimal and averages 42 millimeters a year. The coastline experiences cooling sea breezes during the day.

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Environment

Al-Sinniyah island, close to the town of Umm al-Qaiwain is home to the UAE’s largest Socotra Cormorant colony, with over 15,000 pairs making it the third largest colony in the world. Arabian gazelle have been introduced to Sinniyah and appear to be prospering. Marine life is remarkable for its abundance and diversity. Blacktip reef sharks patrol the outer shoreline, while green turtles are ubiquitous in the inner leads in particular.

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Tourism

Umm Al Quwain Fort: A fort which was once home to the emirate’s ruler and guarded the entrance to the old town, overseeing the sea on one side and the creek on the other. It eventually became a police station then a museum. The museum now houses artifacts found at important nearby sites including Al-Dour and houses a collection of weapons that were used through the emirate’s history.

Old Harbor: An old harbor located in the old town overlooking the traditional dhow building yard where skilled craftsmen continue to assemble these traditional boats. The harbor is surrounded by old coral stone houses that display features of the original architecture and intricate sculptured plaster work.

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Ajman

is the capital of the emirate of Ajman in the United Arab Emirates, located along thePersian Gulf

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Population

The city has a population of 225,000 (2003 census estimate). The urban area runs directly into the city of Sharjah along the coast to the south west, which in turn is adjacent to Dubai, forming a continuous urban area.

Commercial

Ajman is home to the Ruler’s office, companies, commercial markets, and about 50 international and local retail shops. Banking interests include: Ajman Bank, Arab Bank PLC, Bank Saderat Iran, and Commercial Bank of Dubai.

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Shipping

The port of Ajman is located along a natural creek which penetrates the town. Ajman is also home to Arab Heavy Industries, one of the world’s largest ship manufacturing firms.

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Ajman Museum

This late 18th-century fort served as the ruler’s residence until 1970 and also saw a stint as the police station. Now a museum, it illustrates aspects of Ajman’s past with an assortment of photographs, weapons, tools and archaeological artefacts.

RAS AL KHAIMAH

is a Persian Gulf Arab emirate and a member of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Its name means “Top of the Tent”. The emirate is in the northern part of the UAE, bordering Oman’s exclave of Musandam. It covers an area of 1,684 square km.

The Ruler of RAS AL KHAIMAH is Sheikh Saud Al Qasimi and his Crown Prince is Sheikh Sheikh Mohammad Al Qasimi.

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History

Ras al-Khaimah has been the site of human habitation for several millennia and there are many historical and archaeological sites throughout the emirate dating from different time periods, including remnants of the Umm an-Nar Culture (3rd millennium BC).[3] Ancient graves were found in the Emirate in October 2012.[4]

The city was historically known as Julfar. Archaeological evidence has demonstrated that the settlement known as Julfar shifted location over time as harbour channels silted up.

Piracy

There is considerable debate locally regarding the 18th-century charge of maritime piracy, attracting the British label ‘The Pirate Coast’ to the Eastern Gulf before a series of treaties in 1820, 1853 and, in 1892, the Perpetual Maritime Truce led to it being known as the ‘Trucial Coast’.

In the early 18th century, the Al Qasimi tribe established itself in Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah on the Arabian Peninsula, growing to become a significant maritime force with holdings on both the Persian and Arabian coasts.

Rulers

1909 – August 1919: Sheikh Salim bin Sultan Al Qasimi
August 1919 – 10 July 1921: Sheikh Sultan bin Salim Al Qasimi (1891–19??), who stayed on as the first of its own rulers:
10 July 1921 – Feb 1948: Sheikh Sultan bin Salim Al Qasimi
17 July 1948 – 27 October 2010: Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammad al-Qassimi (1918–2010)
27 October 2010 – current: Sheikh Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi[7]
The heir apparent is currently Muhammad bin Saud al Qasimi, son of the current Sheikh.

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Population

In 1975, the total population of Ras Al Khaimah was 43,845 of which 29,613 were nationals and 14,232 were foreigners. This figure increased to 73,918 (39,148 locals; 34,770 foreigners) in 1980, 96,578 in 1985, 143,334 in 1995, and 210,063 in 2005.[8] The current total population is estimated to be between 250,000 and 300,000 people, nationals and foreigners.

Towns and settlements

Important towns, settlements and areas include:

Al Jazirah Al Hamra – an old coastal town with numerous real estate projects and industrial zone
Ar-Rams – a coastal town; in the past, a typical fishing and pearl-diving village
Khawr Khuwayr – an industrial zone, with the largest port in Ras al-Khaimah and numerous companies such as a cement factory
Diqdaqah – a village known for agriculture activities
Khatt – a village surrounded by mountains, famous for its thermal springs and palm gardens
Masafi – a town in the south, on the border with Fujairah; well known for drinking water
Huwaylat – a central village in the south

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Climate

Ras al-Khaimah’s desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) is hot and arid with very hot summers and mild winters. The average temperature is 18 to 25 °C (64 to 77 °F) in January and 29 to 43 °C (84 to 109 °F) in July. However, temperatures often reach 45 °C in the summer; the highest recorded temperature is 48.8 °C (119.8 °F). The humidity is usually high in the summer months. Rains and thunderstorms occur rarely, and only in winter. Snow has been reported twice, once in each of December 2004 and January 2009, in the high mountains of Ras al-Khaimah.

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AL-SHARJAH

History

The dynasty claim to be descended from the Prophet Muhammad.[1] After the dissolution of the Yaruba dynasty in the first half of the 18th century AH, the Al Qassimi dynasty began their leadership and formed a large emirate of Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Lengeh.

The ruler of AL-SHarjah is Sheikh Dr Sultan Al Qasimi and his Crown Prince is Sheikh Sultan Al Qasimi.

The Al Qawasem, based at Ras al-Khaimah, emerged as a major maritime power during the eighteenth century. They ruled some of the shores and islands of Persia, like Bandar Lengeh, that were opposite to today’s U.A.E in different eras between (1800—1890). Their control of trade in the Persian Gulf area led to conflict with Oman and eventually with Britain. In 1819, the British defeated Al Qawasem after several naval battles. The Qawasim were also principal leaders of the Persian Gulf pirates from the early 18th century.

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Al-Sharjah SCC

Al-Sharjah won the first UAE football league in the 1973–74 season. The club went on to win four more titles in the late 1980s and early 1990s

It holds the record for the most President’s Cup winner with 8 victories, the first in 1978–79 and the last in 2002–03.

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Achievements

UAE League: 5
1973–74, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1993–94, 1995–96
UAE President Cup: 8
1978–79, 1979–80, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1990–91, 1994–95, 1997–98, 2002–03
UAE Super Cup: 1
1994–95
GCC Champions League: 0
Runners-up: 1991

Geography

Sharjah is the third largest emirate in the United Arab Emirates, and is the only one to have land on both the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The emirate covers 2,590 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi) which is equivalent to 3.3 per cent of the UAE’s total area, excluding the islands. It has a population of over 800,000 (2008).

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Media

Newspapers:
The Gulf Today (English)
Al Khaleej (Arabic)

Television:
Sharjah TV

Education

Universities in Sharjah:

University of Sharjah – the largest university in the emirate, it is accredited by the UAE Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
The American University of Sharjah (AUS) – established in 1997, it is accredited by the UAE Commission for Academic Accreditation of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, as well as the United States Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.
Troy University — ITS Sharjah Campus
Skyline College Sharjah
Sharjah Men’s College
Sharjah Women’s College
The University City of Sharjah is an educational district to the east of Sharjah City that includes AUS, the University of Sharjah, and the Higher Colleges of Technology (which in turn includes Sharjah Women’s College and Sharjah Men’s College. The area also includes the Sharjah Library, Police Academy, and the Sharjah Teaching Hospital.

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Culture

Sharjah has long invested considerable resources in building a strong cultural identity and heritage and was named in 1998 as UNESCO’s ‘Arab Capital of Culture’, an event commemorated by a large pillar erected opposite the Sharjah Desert Park and Arabian Wildlife Centre between Sharjah and Dhaid cities.

Sharjah Museums

The city has 16 museums.[11] Sharjah’s Ruler, Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammad al Qasimi, established the Sharjah Museums Department, an independent department affiliated to the Ruler’s Office, in 2006. Museums in Sharjah include:
El Eslah School Museum
Al Mahatta Museum
Sharjah Archeology Museum
Sharjah Art Museum
Bait Al Naboodah
Bait Sheikh Saeed Bin Hameed Al Qasimi (Kalba)
Sharjah Calligraphy Museum
Sharjah Discovery Centre

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Expo Centre

he Expo Centre Sharjah in the city of Sharjah holds an annual book fair that is known throughout the region. It was founded, built and operated from 1976 to 1989 by Frederick Pittera, an international producer of Trade & Consumer Fairs. The event typically attracts hundreds of local and international publishers and thousands of titles.

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Dubai

is the most populous city and emirate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the second largest emirate by territorial size after the capital, Abu Dhabi.

The ruler of Dubai is Sheikh Mohammed Al Maktoum and his Crown Prince Sheikh Hamdan Al Maktoum.

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Dubai is located on the southeast coast of the Persian Gulf and is one of the seven emirates that make up the country. Abu Dhabi and Dubai are the only two emirates to have veto power over critical matters of national importance in the country’s legislature.

Dubai has emerged as a global city and business hub of the Persian Gulf region.[6] It is also a major transport hub for passengers and cargo.

History

Although stone tools have been found at many archaeological sites, little is known about the UAE’s early inhabitants as only a few settlements have been found.[22] Many ancient towns in the area were trading centers between the Eastern and Western worlds. The remnants of an ancient mangrove swamp, dated at 7000 BC, were discovered during the construction of sewer lines near Dubai Internet City.

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Geography

Dubai is situated on the Persian Gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates and is roughly at sea level (16 m or 52 ft above). The emirate of Dubai shares borders with Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast, and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast. Hatta, a minor exclave of the emirate, is surrounded on three sides by Oman and by the emirates of Ajman (in the west) and Ras Al Khaimah (in the north).

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Climate

Dubai has a hot desert climate. Summers in Dubai are extremely hot, windy, and humid, with an average high around 41 °C (106 °F) and overnight lows around 30 °C (86 °F) in the hottest month, August. Most days are sunny throughout the year.

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Sharia laws

Kissing in public is strictly illegal and can result in deportation[57][58][59][60] Holding hands in public, even with one’s spouse, is also illegal.[61] Homosexuality is illegal and is punishable by the death penalty.

Expo 2020

On 2 November 2011 four cities had their bids for Expo 2020 already lodged, with Dubai making a last-minute entry. The delegation from the Bureau International des Expositions which visited Dubai in February 2013 to examine the Emirate’s readiness for the largest exposition, was impressed by the infrastructure, and the level of national support. In May 2013, Dubai Expo 2020 Master Plan was revealed.

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Burj Al Arab

is a 7 star luxury hotel. Although the hotel is frequently described as “the world’s only seven-Star hotel”, the hotel’s management has said it has never made that claim for the property.

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Dubai Miracle Garden

On Valentine’s Day 2013, the Dubai Miracle Garden, a 72,000-square meter flower garden, opened in Dubailand. It is currently the world’s largest flower garden. It has 45 million flowers with re-use of waste water through drip irrigation. During Dubai’s summer months from late May to September when the climate can get extremely hot with an average high of about 40 °C (104 °F), the garden stays closed.

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AL FUJAIRAH

is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, and the only one of the seven that has a coastline solely on the Gulf of Oman and none on the Persian Gulf.

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The ruler of AL FUJAIRE Shaikh Hamad Al Sharqi and his Crown Prince is Shaikh Mohammed Al Sharqi.

History

Fujairah, dominated by the Sharqiyin tribe, sits at the mouth of the important trade route, the Wadi Ham (which is guarded by the Sharqiyin fort at Bithnah), through the mountains to the interior and the Persian Gulf Coast. Known as theShamaliyah, the east coast of what is now the UAE was subject to Muscat until 1850, when it was annexed by the Al Qasimi of Sharjah.

Geography

The Emirate of Fujairah covers approximately 1,166 km2, or about 1.5% of the area of the UAE, and is the fifth largest Emirate in the UAE. Its population is around 152,000 inhabitants (in 2009). Only the Emirate of Umm al-Quwain has fewer occupants.

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Fujairah is the only emirate of the UAE that is almost totally mountainous. All the other Emirates, like Dubai and Abu Dhabi are located on the west coast, and are largely covered by desert. Consequently, Fujairah boasts a higher than average yearly rainfall of the UAE, allowing farmers in the region to produce one crop every year.

Climate data for Fujairah

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Population

Fujairah had a population of 125,698 at the last Census held in 2005. The latest estimate of population is 152,000.

Developments

he ruler is planning to make changes that will affect Fujairah. Among tourism projects in the pipeline is an $817m resort, Al Fujairah Paradise, near Dibba Al-Fujairah, on the northern Omani border, next to Le Meridien Al Aqah Beach Resort. There will be around 1,000 five-star villas as well as hotels, and it is expected that all the construction work will be finished within two years.

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The Sheikh is trying to improve opportunities for the local workforce, by trying to entice businesses to locate in Fujairah and diverting Federal funds to local companies in the form of development projects.

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Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi is the capital and the second most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (the most populous being Dubai), and also capital of Abu Dhabi emirate, the largest of the UAE’s seven member emirates. Abu Dhabi lies on a T-shaped island jutting into the Persian Gulf from the central western coast. The city proper had a population of 921,002 in 2013.

The ruler of Abu Dhabi is Sheikh Khalifa Al Nahyan and his Crown Prince is Sheikh Mohamed AL Nahyan.

UAE

Abu Dhabi houses federal government offices, is the seat of the United Arab Emirates Government, home to the Abu Dhabi Emirate Family and the President of the UAE, who is from this family. Abu Dhabi has grown to be a cosmopolitan metropolis.

Education

Abu Dhabi Education Council (ADEC)
All schools in the emirate are under the authority of the Abu Dhabi Education Council. This organization oversees and administers public schools and licenses and inspects private schools. From 2009, the Council has brought over thousands of licensed teachers from native English speaking countries to support their New School Model Program in government schools.

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Every year in the season of admissions an exhibition is launched in Abu Dhabi Exhibition Center under the supervision of the government.[96] Universities from every corner of the world exhibit their career programs and scholarship programs for globally bright students. This seems to be a well-defined platform for the students of all nationalities. Heriot-Watt University, University of Bolton, Cambridge University, Oxford University, the Petroluem Institute, Khalifa University and Abu Dhabi University attend.

Abu Dhabi Grand Prix

Since 2009, Abu Dhabi has hosted a Formula One race every year in November or December at the Yas Marina Circuit, which is considered to be the richest Formula One race track in the world. Motorsport is popular throughout the country and the circuit has also hosted other events such as the V8 Supercars series.

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City planning

The city was planned in the 1970s for an estimated maximum population of 600,000. In accordance with what was considered to be ideal urban planning at the time, the city has wide grid-pattern roads, and high-density tower blocks.

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Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque

One of the most important architectural landmarks is the Sheikh Zayed Mosque. This is arguably one of the most important architectural treasures of contemporary UAE society—and one of the most opulent in the world. It was initiated by the late president of the United Arab Emirates, HH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, fondly thought of as the father of the UAE.

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